UT University Health Services

Diabetes

There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. (Gestational diabetes affect only pregnant women.) Diabetes affects the body's ability to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels.


Type 1

Why

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Pancreas stops making insulin so glucose cannot get into cells

Who

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Usually diagnosed earlier in life, regardless of lifestyle

What to do

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Requires insulin injections or an insulin pump for life


Type 2

Why

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Body's cells become resistant to insulin and pancreas can eventually "wear out"

Who

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Most common in overweight adults, becoming more common among children

What to do

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Some people can avoid medication by improving diet, weight, and activity; may require oral medicine and/or insulin injections

How can you prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

If you think you have diabetes, you need to see a doctor who will evaluate your blood glucose levels and your ability to process carbohydrates. These are typical warning signs:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • "Fruity" breath
  • Irritability
  • Disorientation
  • Feeling shaky or weak

UHS Appointments
For more information, check out American Diabetes Association.

Nutrition Links

Additional Nutrition Topics
Registered Dietitian Consultations
Mindful Eating Program
Nutrition Handouts
Nutrition Peer Led Workshops
Hunger and food insecurity - UT Outpost



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